Techno-economic and business considerations are very important for alternative deployment scenarios of future technologies.
Spectrum sharing and base station densification, especially in indoor environments, have given rise to the consideration of new mobile network operator business models complementing the current ones. It is foreseen that the owner of a particular space must have a role in building and operating future mobile networks, as well as in provisioning services.
The incentives driving digitization (i.e. the provisioning of services at a specific location) is the key to success in the development of future wireless networks and services. How different network ownership and service provisioning models will impact the system design for radio access system is an issue of great importance that needs to be understood to guarantee success for the organic or holistic growth of future digital services.